The ACLU, ACLU Foundation of Southern California, and the law firm of Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP filed a lawsuit against Orange County District Attorney Tony Rackauckas and Orange County Sheriff Sandra Hutchens, whose departments conducted a secret jailhouse informant operation in violation of the U.S. Constitution, California Constitution, and California state laws.

For more than thirty years, the Orange County district attorney's office and sheriff's department have recruited and placed informants in jail cells with defendants, paying and rewarding informants with sentence reductions for extracting incriminating information from the defendants without their lawyers present. Some informants use threats of violence, including murder, to coerce confessions and other information.

In one case, informants provided information that would have exonerated Luis Vega, a 14 year old arrested for attempted murder. By law, the DA's office and sheriff's department were required to relay this information to Vega and his attorney, but they did not, due to the risk of exposing the entire illegal informant program. Vega, an innocent child, remained in prison for nearly two years.

Since the informant operation was first exposed in a criminal case four years ago, defendants in at least 18 cases in Orange County have proven that jailhouse informants were illegally involved in their cases and won sentence reductions or dismissals. The DA's office and sheriff's department have consistently denied the existence of this informant operation, sometimes under oath.

Hear from the plaintiffs at the press conference announcing this lawsuit.

Case Developments

July 1, 2019
The ACLU, ACLU SoCal, and Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP filed an appeal after the original lawsuit was dismissed when a court ruled that taxpayers — whose funds are used to pay the illegal expenditures of the program — lacked standing to bring the suit. The appeal also strongly challenges the court's assertion that allowing taxpayers to sue prosecutors and sheriffs would infringe on law enforcement "discretion." Government officials do not have the discretion to violate the law, least of all the prosecutors and law enforcement charged with enforcing. Read the appellant's opening brief.

April 4, 2018
ACLU, ACLU SoCal, and Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP filed the complaint in the Superior Court of California, County of Orange with lead plaintiff, People for the Ethical Operation of Prosecutors and Law Enforcement, a nonprofit organization based in Orange County. Read the complaint.

Date filed

April 4, 2018


Superior Court of California - County of Orange